EDIT: I could be wrong, but I think I have everything except Peace Day #1 (which was returned) here. If there's a question you don't understand, make sure you ask your classmates for help! Also, there are free versions of the 1984 text online, and you can search them if you're desperate for an answer.
This thread is a place for you to draw upon the knowledge of your community. However, its purpose is for clarification, not simply for answering questions.
If you're confused, think about the kid who raises his hand and says, "I don't get it." Now think of the one who says, "OK, I understand X, and I think I see why it's important - __________________ - but I don't know if that's correct." Who's more likely to get a good answer?
For example, a bad question would be something like "Who is Ampleforth, and why is he important?" That's just lazy. Not only do I expect you to have read the book well enough to identify everything we've covered, but the opportunity to ask that type of question has passed - you should have asked me that today.
(If you do have this sort of question, go to one of the free text editions of 1984 online, hit Ctrl+F, and search "Ampleforth.")
The type of question you need to ask is Question: "OK, I understand that Ampleforth's a poet who works for the Ministry of Truth, and I know that Winston sees him in the cafeteria and in prison. I don't understand why Feraco thinks he's important - he's in jail for leaving "God" in a poem, but why does that matter?"
Appropriate Response: "Well, Ampleforth matters because his crime matters. First of all, Orwell was a language nut - just look at Newspeak! Secondly, look at the word he left in. Remember how religion has been banned in Oceania? Being imprisoned for leaving "God" in a poem symbolizes the destruction of the human spirit. If you think about it, the entire purpose of the Ministry of Love - especially Room 101 - is to defeat the soul."
You would, of course, thank this person for giving you that answer in your reply.
As far as study materials go, I've taken the liberty of posting some PowerPoints. The question sheet will follow once I've combined all of my documents and notes.
War is re-described as “…no longer the desperate, annihilating struggle that it was in the early decades of the twentieth century.” Warfare is now “limited aims between combatants who are unable to destroy one another, by any genuine ideological difference.” Warfare changed because “Motives which were already present to some extent in the war…have now become dominant and are consciously recognized and…” (p186)
The spoils from advanced technology and industrialization threaten hierarchical society, because with technology comes comfort. It creates wealth barriers and the class-based society would fall apart. “It was possible, no doubt, to imagine a society in which wealth in the sense of personal possessions and luxuries, should be evenly distributed, while power remained in the hands of a small privileged caste. But in practice such a society could not long remain stable” (190).
Each superpower follows the type of “war strategy” where the plan is to combine the “..fighting, bargaining and well timed stroked of treachery to acquire…to sign pact of friendship with..” People would not want to acquire certain stretches of the land because this means “Their lives are dedicated to world conquest, but they also know that it is necessary that the war should continue everlastingly and without victory.” (p196)
Ingsoc become both like Socialism because “Individually, no member of the Party owns anything except petty personal belongings.” Ingsoc is not like Socialism because “Collectively, the Party owns everything in Oceania, because it controls everything and disposes of the products as it thinks fit.” (p206)
Some of the contradictions are intentionally undertaken by the party include how the Ministry of Truth is filled with lies, the Ministry of Plenty with starvation, the Ministry of Love with torture, the Ministry of Peace with war. The prevailing mental condition that must arise from accepting them is because to “... keep their places permanently…must be controlled insanity.” (p216)
hey guys...what is O'Brien's innital view of the party? does he alwasy just act around winston before his cover of the throught police is blow? i was trying to look in the book and reread things but i couldnt find it peeps...can u also go in breiftly O'Brien's main role within society, if he has a role besides inner party and thought police
O'Brien's an Inner Party member for the during of 1984, although it's implied that he wasn't born into it. It's safe to assume that everything he initially tells Winston about his party views is a lie.
oh okay, i thought i was missing some info but just kidding then, thanks Feraco